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September 2002

The Evaluation of Young Febrile Children for Occult Bacteremia: Time to Reevaluate Our Approach?

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002;156(9):855-857. doi:10.1001/archpedi.156.9.855

THE EVALUATION of young non–toxic-appearing febrile children has stirred up considerable debate, with much of the controversy surrounding the identification of occult bacterial illness, specifically bacteremia. Despite the publication of guidelines to assist clinicians with decision making regarding the evaluation of febrile infants and young children,1,2 wide variations persist in both the evaluation and treatment of these children.3,4

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