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January 2016

Toward a Research Agenda on Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness

Author Affiliations
  • 1Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2740

Childhood injury is a serious public health problem in the United States and around the world. Unintentional injuries, while preventable, are a leading cause of death among children worldwide.1 Many nonfatal unintentional injuries require hospitalization or result in disabling conditions that could have a significant impact on a child’s long-term health and well-being.1,2 Inflicted or intentional injuries resulting from child maltreatment, self-harm, interpersonal violence, war, and conflict are also serious concerns in pediatric populations.3 Psychological trauma often co-occurs with these experiences and is a significant risk factor for poor developmental, behavioral, and health outcomes.4

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