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In recent decades, there has been a large number of initiatives developed to measure and report the quality of health care, with expectation that the results would galvanize myriad efforts to optimize the performance of the US health care system.1 These initiatives have been particularly focused on suboptimal performers, with expectation that acknowledgment of and sometimes penalties for their lower results compared with others would incentivize improvement. To this end, health plans, states, federal agencies, and others have been increasingly reporting performance on a variety of measures of quality of care. For example, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Hospital Compare2 website presents patient outcomes across hospitals in a local area with clear distinction between low- and high-performing facilities.
Berry JG. This Is My Hospital's Performance on Quality of Care—No Excuses. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(9):837–838. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1357