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February 2017

One Step Further Toward Defining the Optimal Respiratory Care Package for Neonates: Interventions to Successfully Extubate Preterm Infants

Author Affiliations
  • 1Newborn Services, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals, NHS Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 2Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 3Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medical Center Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Copyright 2016 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.

JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(2):120-121. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3271

In 2010, 14.9 million infants worldwide were born premature (less than 37 weeks’ gestation), representing 11% of all newborns.1 Despite many advances made during the past 3 decades in the field of neonatal medicine, preterm birth still presents the second largest cause of death in children younger than 5 years of age.2 Thus, improving the outcomes of preterm infants through the development of refined physiological support systems has been strongly advocated as a part of the United Nations pivotal Millennium Development Goals for child survival.3