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April 2017

Implementing Public Health Goals for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Through Law

Author Affiliations
  • 1Duquesne University School of Law, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(4):315-316. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4366

So much progress has been made in reducing the spread of AIDS and in treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection worldwide that the United Nations aims to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. Nonetheless, untreated HIV infection among adolescents in the United States casts a dark shadow over this progress. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly a third of all new HIV cases in the United States every year occur among the youth.1 Moreover, the National Institutes of Health estimate that adolescents (13-17 years of age) comprise the largest percentage of patients for whom pediatric HIV clinics provide care and recommend public health research initiatives targeting this age group.2,3

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