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May 2017

Preparing for Emerging Infectious Diseases

Author Affiliations
  • 1Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
  • 2New York–Presbyterian Hospital, New York
  • 3Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
  • 4Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston
  • 5Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
  • 6National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
JAMA Pediatr. 2017;171(5):411-412. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.4947

Emerging pathogens with pandemic potential are a growing threat to human health throughout the world, including in the United States. Zoonotic and arthropod-borne infections have caused unprecedented epidemics and pandemics, exemplified by the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak. We must acknowledge a new reality for pediatric health care professionals who must consider travel and other exposures when evaluating patients and, therefore, include in their differential diagnosis diseases such as Ebola virus, Zika virus, Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Enterovirus D68, and measles, to name a few.