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JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis
August 2018

Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diarrhea

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Hospital Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
JAMA Pediatr. 2018;172(8):775-776. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1172

Although the highest morbidity and mortality occurs in low- to middle-income nations, infectious diarrhea accounts for approximately 180 million illnesses annually in the United States.1 Risk factors such as international travel, antibiotic use, child care settings, and exposure to animals modify the potential pathogens, for which there may be nuanced differences in testing and management recommendations. Appropriate management in the setting of highly resourced health systems should focus on judicious use of resources and identification of patients who might benefit from adjunctive therapies.