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Research Letter
November 12, 2018

Trends in Opioid Prescription in Children and Adolescents in a Commercially Insured Population in the United States, 2004-2017

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA Pediatr. Published online November 12, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3668

Between 1997 and 2012, the rate of hospitalization due to opioid poisonings nearly doubled in US children and adolescents.1 Opioid use early in life is associated with a higher likelihood of opioid misuse in the future.2 Although recent reports suggest a deceleration and potentially a decrease in opioid prescribing in the overall population,3 little is known about contemporary opioid prescribing trends specifically in children and adolescents.

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