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Research Letter
December 10, 2018

Comparison of Antibiotic Prescribing for Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children’s and Non-Children’s Hospitals

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, C. S. Mott Children’s Hospital, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
JAMA Pediatr. Published online December 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4270

Pneumonia is the most common indication for antibiotic use in hospitalized children.1 National guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) recommend penicillin, amoxicillin, and ampicillin as first-line agents for children hospitalized with CAP.2 Although use of these agents for CAP is increasing in children’s hospitals,3 antibiotic prescribing trends for children admitted to non-children’s hospitals, where 70% of hospitalized children receive care,4 are unknown. We compared antibiotic prescribing for CAP between hospital types before and after guideline publication in 2011.

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