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February 11, 2019

Challenges in Early Childhood Development

Author Affiliations
  • 1Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children’s Health, Beijing, China
JAMA Pediatr. 2019;173(4):307-308. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.5381

Early childhood development (ECD) emphasizes the holistic development of children younger than 3 to 5 years. Early childhood development encompasses multiple dimensions of children’s well-being: nutrition; physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development; safety and protection; stimulation and care; and early education. Phases of ECD vary by age, with some phases extending to 8 years or even to adolescence because of the windows of psychosocial and reproductive development during this period.1,2 With ECD as a global and national priority, the United Nations have pledged to achieve the ECD targets in the Sustainable Development Goals.

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