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Research Letter
May 28, 2019

Frequency of Prescription Filling Among Adolescents Prescribed Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Emergency Department

Author Affiliations
  • 1George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Children’s National Health System, Washington, DC
JAMA Pediatr. Published online May 28, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1263

Adolescents are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), making up nearly half of all diagnosed STIs annually,1 and are frequently diagnosed in the emergency department (ED) setting.2 Many STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can be treated effectively with antibiotics. However, untreated, these infections can lead to serious morbidity. Although adolescents are often prescribed antibiotics to treat STIs, how often such prescriptions are actually filled by patients after ED discharge is unknown. We sought to fill this gap by investigating prescription filling for the treatment of STIs among adolescents in a real-world clinical setting.