Although US laws regarding sexual minorities have advanced in recent years, many state laws may still foster environments that can promote health disparities. As of March 2019, 7 US states (Texas, Arizona, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi) with nearly 9 million public school students1 have laws explicitly prohibiting positive portrayals of sexual minority individuals or nonheterosexual activities in public school education (no promotion of homosexuality [NPH] laws). Recent school climate studies have demonstrated that the presence of NPH laws in a state is associated with a greater likelihood that students with sexual minority status will experience harassment or assault at school.1 Thus, NPH laws may reflect and support school environments that exacerbate stress for these adolescents.2
Wille L, Parent MC. Association of No Promotion of Homosexuality Laws and Electronic Cigarette Use Disparities for Sexual Minority Youth. JAMA Pediatr. Published online August 26, 2019173(10):991–993. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.2729
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