Antibiotic administration negatively affects the microbiome by decreasing bacterial diversity, and this has been associated with allergic disease.1-3 Exposure to multiple classes of antibiotics may lead to even greater perturbations to the gut biome than 1 class alone. The purpose of this study is to determine whether exposure to multiple antibiotic classes in infancy is associated with a higher risk of developing allergic disease in early childhood.
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Zven SE, Susi A, Mitre E, Nylund CM. Association Between Use of Multiple Classes of Antibiotic in Infancy and Allergic Disease in Childhood. JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(2):199–200. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.4794
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