Two contradictory trends have emerged over the past quarter century. New brain and behavior science fueled an explosion of evidence on the effectiveness of promotion and prevention for child mental, emotional, and behavioral health. Meanwhile, young people in the US increasingly are identified as experiencing depression, anxiety, and other behavioral disorders. Increases of youth self-harm,1 use of emergency departments and inpatient care for psychiatric crises, and a flood of students seeking assistance for anxiety in counseling services2 underscore the depth of the problem, which contrasts starkly with results of research documenting better outcomes with prevention programs.
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Boat TF, Kelleher KJ. Fostering Healthy Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Development in Child Health Care. JAMA Pediatr. Published online June 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1485
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