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Research Letter
August 31, 2020

Early Formula Supplementation Trends by Race/Ethnicity Among US Children Born From 2009 to 2015

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
  • 2Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
JAMA Pediatr. Published online August 31, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2670

Breastfeeding is the best source of nutrition for most infants. It is associated with a reduction in the risk for some health conditions for both infants and mothers.1,2 The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants be fed only human milk for about the first 6 months of life, with continued breastfeeding along with complementary foods for at least 1 year.3 Previous studies have indicated that early formula supplementation is associated with the exclusivity and duration of breastfeeding,4 but, to our knowledge, trend analysis on formula supplementation among US children is lacking. This survey study examines the trends in early formula supplementation by race/ethnicity using data from the National Immunization Survey–Child (NIS-Child) of US children born from 2009 to 2015.

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