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Research Letter
February 1, 2021

Association of Headache With School Functioning Among Children and Adolescents in the United States

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham
  • 2Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
  • 3Division of Neurology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 4Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 5Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 6Seattle Children’s Research Institute, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
  • 7Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle
JAMA Pediatr. Published online February 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5680

Headaches are among the world’s leading causes of disability for children and adults.1 Clinical samples of youth with headache report frequent school absences, poorer school performance, and lower quality of life than youth with other chronic conditions.2 However, little is known about the association of headache with school functioning at the population level.

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