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The Pediatric Forum
May 4, 2009

Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage in Newborns and Vaccine Supply Policy

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(5):489-490. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.22

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention fund state and local immunization programs to identify infants born to hepatitis B virus (HBV)–infected women for case management. Among infants who become infected with HBV, 90% develop chronic HBV infection and, when chronically infected, have a 25% risk of developing cirrhosis and liver cancer.1 Infants can become infected with HBV in 2 ways: (1) during delivery to an infected woman or (2) from an infected household contact.