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June 1951

TRICHOBEZOAR IN CHILDRENReview of the Literature and Report of Two Cases

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1951;81(6):753-761. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1951.02040030767001

THE TERM bezoar currently refers to concretions of various types found in the stomach and intestines of animals and man. It represents a condition which is to be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders occurring during childhood. Because of its importance and relative infrequency, a review of the literature and two case reports are herewith presented.

REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE  Origin and History.—For a more complete review of the history of bezoars, articles by DeBakey and Ochsner1 should be consulted. The name probably originated from the Arabian "badzehr" or the Persian "padzahr," both of which signify an antidote or counterpoison, inasmuch as this substance was highly revered as a cure-all as early as the twelfth century B.C. by the ancient Hindus. Bezoars became so incredibly valuable at one time that people took to falsifying them, thus causing a series of tests to be devised during the

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