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December 1951

TRICHOBEZOAR: Discussion and Report of a Case

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1951;82(6):717-720. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1951.02040040738007

THE DIAGNOSIS of trichobezoar or hair ball in the stomach is frequently missed because it is seldom considered. The presentation of this case of trichobezoar in an 11-year-old girl is a reminder of its occasional occurrence and emphasizes the pitfalls in its diagnosis.

COMMENT  In 1938 DeBakey and Ochsner reviewed the world literature on the entire subject of bezoars. These authors noted that as early as the 12th century B. C. the Hindus believed in the healing powers of the bezoar stone from a goat's stomach, and until the 18th century bezoars were advocated for neutralizing poisons, destroying venoms, rejuvenating old people, and in treating epilepsy, dysentery, plague, and leprosy. The first reported case of trichobezoar has been accredited to Baudamant in 1779, although it was not until 1883 that the first report of a trichobezoar removed at surgery was published.1Causes of hair swallowing (trichophagia) have been widely

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