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February 1952

DIARRHEA OF THE NEWBORN: Report of Epidemic and Results of Treatment with Streptomycin

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, Howard University College of Medicine, and the Pediatric Service of Freedmen's Hospital.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1952;83(2):192-196. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1952.02040060058006

NUMEROUS reports of epidemic diarrhea of the newborn have been made since its recognition as a new disease in 1937 by Rice, Best, Frant, and Abramson.1 The specific etiology has not been established in the majority of epidemics. Similarly, the exact mode of transmission is not known. However, poor hygienic care of the newborn is recognized as an important contributory factor in the spread of the disease, since most epidemics have occurred in crowded, understaffed nurseries.

nursery of Freedmen's Hospital. A preliminary abstracted report was published previously.2 The epidemic began in mid-August and terminated early in September of 1946. It occurred during a period when an increased number of obstetrical deliveries imposed a serious burden on hospital facilities. The nurseries were overcrowded, and there was a critical shortage of nursing personnel.

REPORT OF AN EPIDEMIC  Incubation Period.—Assuming that inoculation occurred on the first day in the nursery,

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