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April 1952

Schizophrenic Art: It's Meaning in Psychotherapy.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1952;83(4):561. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1952.02040080157019

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This is a sound book, enjoyable to read, in which the author defines a new approach to psychotherapy and makes a worth-while additional contribution to the study of schizophrenia. The introduction gives an excellent review of psychiatric literature over the past 75 years, pertinent to psychotic and neurotic art. This begins with the descriptive studies of Simon and Lombroso of the art of the "insane," progresses through the experimental drawing tests developed by Mohr, Prinzhorn's esthetic approach, and the early explorations of art by psychoanalysis in the writings of Schilder, Pfister, Pfeifer, and others. Finally the author compares Freud's concept of symbolism with that of Jung and examines the difference between "archaic heritage" of the former and "collective unconscious" of the latter, in order to evaluate the influence of these two concepts on the use of spontaneous art in the process of therapy.

The spontaneous art expressions, in the form

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