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March 1955


Author Affiliations

Topeka, Kan.
Director, Department of Child Psychiatry, The Menninger Foundation (Dr. Hirschberg); Chief of the Children's Section, Topeka State Hospital (Dr. Noshpitz).

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1955;89(3):361-367. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1955.02050110427019

A PRELIMINARY estimate from the Children's Bureau puts the number of delinquent children brought to the courts in 1953 at about 435,000.5 This is a new alltime high. These figures show that there were 13% more juvenile court delinquency cases in 1953 than in 1952 and that juvenile delinquency has risen again for the fifth consecutive year.5 It seems probable that the final figures will show the increase in delinquency cases for the five-year period 1948-1953 to be somewhere between 45% and 50%.5 This rise cannot be explained in terms of population growth alone, for during the same period a rise of only 7% occurred in the child population between 10 and 17 years old.5 To make matters worse, these statistics portray only a small part of the total problem. It has been estimated that about three-fourths of the children who have contact with the police

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