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April 1956

Chronik der Kinderheilkunde. Ed. 2.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1956;91(4):412. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1956.02060020414014

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This history of pediatrics is a thorough guide of the medicine of children from prehistoric times to the present and the story of the gradual emancipation of pediatrics.

Every historic point connected with children and their development is well described, and this includes also the controversial history of the foundling hospitals, child clinics, sociology in childhood, and many more.

A few facts are worth mentioning, such as the tremendous impact child mortality must have had on the survival of the human race. As exhumations showed, the graves of children in prehistoric times amounted to about forty per cent of all graves. In the history of the foundling hospitals and homes in France in the seventeenth century, we find a mortality of ninety per cent in those institutions.

As far as education is concerned, the strict system, often with corporeal punishment, was advocated in the last century; still, they had juvenile

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