THE TERM "epignathus" as commonly used refers to any parasitic growth coming out of the mouth of the host, though the literal translation means a parasite arising from the mandible. The origin of the parasites in the series and case reports noted was definitely from the upper jaw rather than from the mandible.
The following report is of the first and only epignathus recorded at the Milwaukee Children's Hospital since 1924. The rarity of this particular abnormality interested us so that a search of the literature was made as a survey along with the following specific case report. The English language literature was surveyed back to 1936 and, as the bibliography indicates, is rather scanty because of the rarity of the condition.
REPORT OF CASE
This was the fourth pregnancy of a white Rhnegative mother who had previously had one spontaneous abortion and had borne three children, including one set
WYNN SK, WAXMAN S, RITCHIE G, ASKOTZKY M. EPIGNATHUS: Survey. AMA Am J Dis Child. 1956;91(5):495–497. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.1956.02060020497013
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