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July 1956

Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis in a Twenty-One-Day-Old Infant: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics (Dr. Christian and Mr. Sarre) and the Department of Pathology (Drs. Peers, Salazar, and de Rosario) of the Stritch School of Medicine and of Mercy Hospital.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1956;92(1):66-74. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1956.02060030060014

Introduction  Coccidioidomycosis, first described by Posadas in 1892, has become sufficiently well known by now to render a description of the disease as part of this review unnecessary. Classical descriptions can be found in articles by Posadas,1 Wernicke,2 and Rixford and Gilchrist.3 Important advances were made by Ophüls * and Dickson.†The more thorough recent articles include the study of the pathology of the disease, with a chronological survey, by Forbus and Bestebreurtje,8 the thorough literature review by Schwartz and Muth,9 and two of many articles by Smith.‡However, there has been published analysis of reported pediatric cases of coccidioidomycosis. In an attempt to prepare one, the literature was searched for all articles that might contain case reports. A total of 242 articles were reviewed, containing reports on 561 cases. Of these 561 cases, 99 were in the age group up to 16 years.

Analysis  1.