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September 1959

Incidence of Viral Parotitis in the Domestic Dog

Author Affiliations

Fargo, N. D.
Department of Veterinary Science, North Dakota Agricultural College. Dr. Noice is also on the staff at Concordia College, Moorhead, Minn.

AMA Am J Dis Child. 1959;98(3):350-352. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1959.02070020352008

Within recent months we have had an opportunity to observe two separate cases of dogs having severe parotitis. In each case the glands were swollen and tender to pressure. From both animals a virus was isolated from the saliva. In one case a sequence of serum specimens were positive for mumps virus by complement-fixation tests.

The susceptibility of monkeys for the mumps virus upon direct parotid gland inoculation or cannulation of Stensen's duct is well documented.1,2 However, the occurrence of mumps virus in other animals is not definite or not considered too probable. Wollstein3 conducted experiments in 1916 in the transmission of mumps from humans to the domestic cat. Her findings showed that the cat, upon direct inoculation into the parotid gland and/or testis of either saliva or defibrinated blood from human mumps cases, displayed clinical symptoms typical of infectious mumps. She found that only young cats were

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