Although seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp in infants and children per se may be generally considered to be of relatively minor clinical significance, the various complications that may arise in those cases that have been poorly managed can possibly lead to serious consequences from the point of view of morbidity and even mortality. A considerable number of infants and young children with this condition manifest a concomitant seborrheic eczema of the face. Other areas of the body may also be involved. This associated eczema is usually characterized by erythema, weeping, formation of crusts, secondary infection, and a tendency to spread rather rapidly. The secondary infection may occasionally lead to such grave complications as nephritis and even sepsis. In a number of instances, secondary impetiginous implantations have been observed, probably as the result of scratching instigated by the pruritus associated with the complicating eczema. It would therefore seem advisable to adequately
SELDOWITZ M. Pediatric Management of Seborrheic Dermatitis of the Scalp. Am J Dis Child. 1960;100(6):875–880. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1960.04020040877013
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