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April 1961

Control of a Staph Epidemic in a Small Nursery: Outbreak of Staphylococcal Infection Among Newborn in a Small Hospital

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, The Monroe Clinic, Monroe, Wis., and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Medical School (Dr. Zupanc, Clinical Instructor).

Am J Dis Child. 1961;101(4):434-441. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1961.04020050024006

The purpose of reporting this outbreak is to reveal the problems encountered when a staphylococcal epidemic occurs in a small newborn nursery, to comment upon the measures adopted to control it and prevent a recurrence, and to report the results thus far.

The Nursery  St. Clare Hospital is a 165-bed general hospital located in Monroe, Wis. The total number of admissions in 1959 was 6,571. The total number of live births was 909.The general nursery is divided into 3 rooms, each of which has a maximum approved capacity of 7 infants (a minimum of 24 sq. ft. of space for each infant) as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.1 There is no premature nursery or an "overflow" nursery. Whenever there is a premature infant or an infant who stays longer than the usual 5 days, it is impossible to fill the nursery units in rotation and completely

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