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January 1962

Air Contamination and Staphylococcal Infection: Relation to Nursery Crowding

Author Affiliations

Horace M. Gezon, M.D., Dept. of Epidemiology and Microbiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh 13.; School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh (Dr. Brady, Dr. Paul); Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh (Dr. Rogers, Dr. Thompson, Dr. Gezon). Drs. Brady and Paul carried out these studies as part of a medical student research project during their junior year.

Am J Dis Child. 1962;103(1):27-34. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1962.02080020031005

In recent years, epidemic staphylococcal infection has been recognized as a problem in hospitals throughout the world.1-3 Its occurrence in newborn nurseries has stimulated conjecture and speculation as well as scientific study concerning the source and mode of transmission of staphylococci and methods for their control.4-9 "Traditional" methods of communicable disease control in newborn nurseries have included use of gowns, masks, frequent lengthy hand washes, special cleansing and disinfecting agents, and wide spatial separation of babies. For the most part the effectiveness of these measures has not been evaluated specifically in relation to control of staphylococcal infection and disease.

The relationship between newborn nursery floor space allotment per infant and staphylococcal infection* and disease † was selected for study with specific interest directed toward the recommended space requirements per infant as outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics.10 Two hypotheses were proposed for testing: (1) the rate

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