The unusual structure of the cooperative villages in Israel lends attraction for the use of these communal settlements for epidemiological studies.
The Kibbutz is a rural village in which 50 to several hundred families live in close proximity to one another. They work together, eat in a communal dining room, and the children live in communal houses, being grouped according to ages. Contact between the members is continuous and at all levels. Contact with extra-Kibbutz life occurs regularly and among children, particularly in the district schools. Epidemics in this situation are usually explosive in character.
A Moshav is a cooperative village of a different type in which each family has its own home, there being no communal dining room or babies' and children's homes. Here too the members of the village are in continual contact with one another but less so than in a Kibbutz. Epidemics here proceed more slowly.
LEVIN S, MOSES S, SHIMANSKY L, KRUGMAN S. Attenuated Measles-Virus Vaccine Studies in Israel: I. Comparison of Reactions After Inoculation of Vaccine with γ-Globulin. Am J Dis Child. 1962;103(3):363–365. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1962.02080020375036
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