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March 1962

Attenuated Measles-Virus Vaccine Studies in Israel: I. Comparison of Reactions After Inoculation of Vaccine with γ-Globulin

Author Affiliations

Stanley Levin, M.D., B.Ch., Department of Pediatrics, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovoth, Israel.; From the Pediatric Research Department, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovoth, Israel, and the Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine.; Head of Pediatric Department B and Pediatric Research Department, Kaplan Hospital (S. Levin); Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine (Dr. Krugman).

Am J Dis Child. 1962;103(3):363-365. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1962.02080020375036

The unusual structure of the cooperative villages in Israel lends attraction for the use of these communal settlements for epidemiological studies.

The Kibbutz is a rural village in which 50 to several hundred families live in close proximity to one another. They work together, eat in a communal dining room, and the children live in communal houses, being grouped according to ages. Contact between the members is continuous and at all levels. Contact with extra-Kibbutz life occurs regularly and among children, particularly in the district schools. Epidemics in this situation are usually explosive in character.

A Moshav is a cooperative village of a different type in which each family has its own home, there being no communal dining room or babies' and children's homes. Here too the members of the village are in continual contact with one another but less so than in a Kibbutz. Epidemics here proceed more slowly.

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