In recent years a shift has taken place in the practice of pediatrics, which now tends to be concerned not only with the physical illnesses of young patients but also with their total development and adjustment. The advice of the pediatrician is increasingly sought by parents whose children show a maturational delay in one or more of their psychological functions, or who have learning difficulties or exhibit behavior disorders. Sometimes the pediatrician himself is the first to become aware of such a difficulty. He may notice that a child has difficulty in distinguishing between similar sounds, for instance, which could indicate a disability in auditory perception or articulation, or observe a child to be hyperkinetic, highly distractible, or tense. The burden of deciding whether or not the symptoms are due to defects in the child's general health is laid on the pediatrician. If they are, he will treat the defects
SANDS R, FROSTIG M, HORNE D. Educational Therapy in Learning Difficulties: The Role of the Pediatrician in Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy. Am J Dis Child. 1964;107(2):155–159. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1964.02080060157008
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