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August 1964

Smoking and High School Performance: Relationship of Cigaret Smoking to Academic Performance, Absence from School, and Visits to the School Nurse

Author Affiliations

Kenneth D. Rogers, MD, Professor and Chairman, Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213.

Am J Dis Child. 1964;108(2):117-121. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1964.02090010119001

The association of cigaret smoking by high school students with poor academic performance, low IQ, and infrequent participation in certain school activities has been reported in studies of Salber et al,1,2 Morison and Medovy,3 Horn et al,4 and the staff from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.5 In the course of a study of the health of high school students in Dormont, Pa, a suburb of Pittsburgh, the frequency of absence from school and the frequency of visits to the school nurse were studied in relation to the smoking practices of the students. Because it was thought that students regularly driving cars differed from nondriving students, the relationship of car driving practices to absence and health room visit frequency also was examined. Academic performance of all children was recorded to determine whether observations made in the previously mentioned studies would be confirmed in suburban