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January 1965

The Self and the Object World.

Author Affiliations

By Edith Jacobson, MD. Price, $5. Pp 250, with no illustrations. International Universities Press Inc., 227 W 13th St, New York, NY 10011, May 28, 1964. Dr. Edith Jacobson has, in this monograph, expanded and enlarged upon a paper of the same title, written by her and published in 1954.

Am J Dis Child. 1965;109(1):96. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1965.02090020098016

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This monograph, as well as her earlier paper, are excellently prepared writings, representing her thinking, along psychodynamic lines, about the question of identity formation, and the etiology of identity confusion. She has approached the question by an inquiry into the dynamics of identity formation, and into the vicissitudes which influence identity structure and feelings.

The early discussion deals with concepts of self, and self representations, reviewing the psychoanalytic writings of Freud and others on the concepts of primary and secondary narcissism, and of primary and secondary masochism.

Later, Dr. Jacobson reviews the literature on "identity" and arrives at a definition of identity, and identity organization, pointing out that "in as much as the concept of identity formation puts the focus on an individual's self realization," and that, to clearly understand identity formation, it must be followed in its relationships to ego and super-ego identifications before, during, and after adolescence.


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