THE COEXISTENCE of active infections with Histoplasma capsulatum and atypical Mycobacterium has not been previously reported in a child, although the simultaneous association of histoplasmosis with other fungus infections1-4 as well as with Mycobacterium tuberculosis,6,7 is not a rarity. In areas, such as Louisville, where histoplasmosis is endemic there is a widespread incidence of both infections in adults as demonstrated by the tuberculin and histoplasmin skin tests.6
In the patient reported here both H capsulatum and a Runyon group II scotochromogen were isolated in culture from tissue. Serological and skin test evidence of infection is included in the case study.
Report of a Case
A 2-year-old white girl became ill on Dec 1, 1962 with an upper respiratory tract infection. Associated with this infection was an abrupt enlargement of the right anterior cervical lymph nodes. The nodes were painless and nontender. The cough, rhinitis, and fever abated after
HUGHES WT. Histoplasma Capsulatum and Atypical Mycobacterium: Case Report of Combined Infection. Am J Dis Child. 1965;110(1):89–91. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1965.02090030095015
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