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March 1966

Pneumothorax: An Unusual Complication in Fibrocystic Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville.

Am J Dis Child. 1966;111(3):311-312. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1966.02090060121017

SPONTANEOUS pneumothorax is listed as a complication of cystic fibrosis of the pancreas in textbooks1 and literature,2 yet no case report could be found in the American literature.

Doershuk et al,2 in 1964, reported a five-year clinical evaluation of a therapeutic program for patients with cystic fibrosis, and in the charting of complications of 96 patients, only one case3 was noted to have spontaneous pneumothorax during the follow-up.

Doershuk4 has subsequently observed three other children with spontaneous pneumothorax associated with cystic fibrosis of the pancreas. Two of his patients were over 10 years of age, and spontaneous pneumothorax was associated with the terminal crisis.

It is the purpose of this communication to report a case of spontaneous pneumothorax associated with cystic fibrosis.

Report of a Case  A 12-year-old white girl, who was known to have fibrocystic disease, was hospitalized on Nov 21, 1964. She had experienced