PANCREATIC pseudocysts occur infrequently in adults and are rare in children. No reference to this condition is present in two of the more commonly employed pediatric surgery textbooks.1,2 Kilman et al3 in a recent review found only 27 well-documented cases of pancreatic pseudocysts in infancy and childhood in the world literature and added four additional cases.
The third case of pancreatic pseudocyst manifesting as a mediastinal tumor in an adult was recently reported by McClintock et al.4 To our knowledge, no instance of mediastinal extension of a pancreatic pseudocyst in childhood has been recorded. The following is a report of such a case and a brief review of some of the features of pancreatic pseudocysts occurring during infancy and childhood.
Report of a Case
A 10-year-old girl was admitted to Childrens Hospital of St. Paul on July 27, 1964. She had a one-month history of anorexia and