HERNIATION of the lung beyond the normal confines of the thoracic cavity is a rare occurrence. Approximately 260 cases have been reported to date, the majority involving adults.1-3 These include cervical as well as thoracic and diaphragmatic hernias. Cervical herniations of the lung account for an estimated one third of the reported cases.1,2 Moreover, a review of available literature revealed but one report of congenital cervical herniation occurring within the first year of life.4
The cat-cry syndrome is related to a partial and variable deletion of the short arms of an early replicating chromosome of the B group, namely the fifth chromosome. Approximately 100 case reports have documented the syndrome, and a recent review has catalogued the clinical findings and sequelae.5 Accordingly, the following case is described because of the fortuitous occurrence of these two unusual conditions in the same patient.
Report of a Case