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September 1970

Left Ventricular Aneurysm in Rubella Heart Disease

Author Affiliations

Durban, South Africa
From the Cardio-thoracic Unit, Wentworth Hospital and University of Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Am J Dis Child. 1970;120(3):248-251. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1970.02100080132015

A 3-year-old patient with the rubella syndrome was studied by cardiac catheterization and cineangiography and was found to have an aneurysm of the left ventricle in addition to a persistent ductus arteriosus and hypoplasia with coarctations of the pulmonary arteries. The ductus arteriosus was ligated and divided, and residual myocardial dysfunction was demonstrated six months after surgery. The aneurysm is considered to be directly related to rubella myocarditis which occurred at an earlier age in association with other areas of myocarditis resulting in a myopathic disorder.