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December 1970

Occlusion of Pulmonary Veins, "Mitral" Insufficiency, and Ventricular Septal Defect: Functional Resemblance to Ventricular Aneurysm

Author Affiliations

St. Paul, Minn, and Minneapolis
From the departments of pathology, the Charles T. Miller Hospital, St. Paul, Minn, and the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Am J Dis Child. 1970;120(6):557-559. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1970.02100110105015

A case of fetal cardiac failure in a stillborn infant was caused by the following anatomic abnormalities: (1) occlusion of the major pulmonary veins, (2) premature closure of the foramen ovale, (3) an incompetent left atrioventricular valve, and (4) a ventricular septal defect. Interpretation of the dynamics leads to the conclusion that the left atrium functioned as an aneurysm of the ventricular portion of the heart.