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October 1971

Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis in ChildrenCurrent Status

Am J Dis Child. 1971;122(4):312-315. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1971.02110040096007

The hospital records of children with subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) in the years 1964 through 1970 were studied to provide current figures for incidence and mortality of SBE. The incidence was approximately 0.40 per 1,000 hospital admissions; only one of 11 died. A survey of families attending the pediatric cardiology clinic was undertaken to assess parental knowledge of SBE and its prophylaxis. Less than 50% of families knew of SBE precautions, and even fewer understood why prophylaxis was indicated. We present a program to improve the education of families regarding SBE and a current approach to prophylaxis.