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November 1974

Bilateral Ovarian Cysts in the Newborn: A Triad of Neonatal Abdominal Masses, Polyhydramnios, and Maternal Diabetes Mellitus

Am J Dis Child. 1974;128(5):731-733. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1974.02110300141022

Ovarian cyst is an uncommon cause of an abdominal mass in the newborn. Bilateral ovarian cysts were detected in a 3-day-old infant. The pregnancy was complicated by maternal diabetes mellitus, toxemia, and polyhydramnios. A right salpingo-oophorectomy and left cystectomy were performed. The relationship between luteinized cysts of the neonatal ovary and diabetes mellitus, toxemia, and rhesus isoimmunization are discussed. Bilateral ovarian cysts are extremely uncommon in the newborn infant and the presence of two of these complicating factors in this case are interesting points.