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July 1976

The Health and Welfare of the Black Family in the United States: A Historical and Institutional Analysis

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Howard University College of Medicine (Dr Scott), and the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University (Dr Winston), Washington, DC.

Am J Dis Child. 1976;130(7):704-707. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1976.02120080026003

This study has been designed as an analytical summary and interpretation of the historical data related to the health and welfare of the black family. While the central theme of this series of articles relates to children and child welfare, we have chosen to consider the black family as a unit rather than to single out the children. It is not intended that this work be a new investigation of unpublished sources related to this subject, although considerable research remains to be undertaken in the archival resources generally ignored by earlier generations of scholars. Within the broad range of significant issues that should be delineated, special emphasis will be placed on the following three subjects: (1) identification of the changing institutional matrix of black family health and welfare; (2) description of the gross social conditions that had a major impact on the black family; and (3) analysis of the public