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February 1977

Effect of Three Ophthalmic Solutions on Chemical Conjunctivitis in the Neonate

Author Affiliations

From the School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Urbana.

Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(2):159-161. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120150041008

• In an attempt to reduce chemical conjunctivitis after silver nitrate prophylaxis, three different ophthalmic solutions (sodium chloride, sterile water, and a boric acid-sodium borate solution) were used to irrigate the eyes immediately after prophylaxis in 450 neonates. Sterile water significantly reduced (P <.02) the prevalence of chemical conjunctivitis when compared to the conventional sodium chloride rinse. A significantly greater prevalence of chemical irritation in low-birth-weight infants was also noted (P <.02).

(Am J Dis Child 131:159-161, 1977)

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