• Total drainage of systemic blood into the left atrium is an exceptional finding in absence of severe intracardiac malformation. In our patient, a boy 3 years and 4 months old, the left superior vena cava, the inferior vena cava, and the coronary sinus drained into the left atrium; there was no right superior vena cava, and the only associated anomaly was a large atrial septal defect. This rare form of cyanotic congenital heart disease was correctly diagnosed and successfully corrected.
(Am J Dis Child 131:195-198, 1977)
Viart P, Le Clerc J, Primo G, Polis O. Total Anomalous Systemic Venous Drainage. Am J Dis Child. 1977;131(2):195–198. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1977.02120150077016
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