• Kleine-Levin syndrome is characterized by periodic hypersomnia associated with megaphagia and striking behavioral and psychiatric symptoms; it occurs primarily in adolescent boys. We treated a 17-year-old boy who had typical recurring somnolent episodes. His bizarre behavior included fire setting and stealing, both of which may have represented compulsions. His EEG during a sleepy episode was diffusely abnormal with generalized slowing of background activity; as he awoke and improved clinically, his EEG returned to normal. Between episodes, his EEG was normal. The relationship between Kleine-Levin syndrome and other sleep disorders is discussed. The neurochemistry and neurocircuitry that may provide the requisite substrate for this complex and fascinating neuropsychiatric disorder are briefly reviewed.
(Am J Dis Child 132:786-789, 1978)
Pauline S. Powers, Richard Gunderman. Kleine-Levin Syndrome Associated With Fire Setting. Am J Dis Child. 1978;132(8):786–789. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1978.02120330058015