The use of incubators in the care and support of premature babies has received attention since Martin Cooney, a student of Pierre Budin, began showing premature infants in incubators at the 1896 Berlin Exposition.1 As early as 1907, Budin2 observed increased survival in low birth weight infants if they were kept warm.
This effect of the thermal environment was not fully appreciated until Silverman and co-workers3-5 demonstrated increased survival in warmer environments in a series of studies first published in 1958. Since the first edition of Standards and Recommendations for Hospital Care of Newborn Infants,6 the use of incubators has been suggested for thermal support and isolation. In 1969, Du and Oliver7 demonstrated the effectiveness of a radiant warmer in protecting against the cold stress of the delivery room. The increased access to the infant during resuscitation has led to increased use of radiant warmers
MERENSTEIN GB, KOZIOL DF, BROWN GL, WEISMAN LE. Radiant Warmers vs Incubators for Neonatal Care. Am J Dis Child. 1979;133(8):857–858. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1979.02130080097022
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