The accidental ingestion of iron-containing preparations is relatively common in childhood, and intentional overdosage with iron is occasionally seen in adults. Though rarely fatal, the consequences of a substantial iron ingestion can result in profound mental retardation or death. The availability of deferoxamine mesylate, a specific and tenacious chelator of iron, and the necessity for its early administration demand that the physician be aware of a rational approach to the therapy for iron poisoning.
Owing to our current understanding of the pathophysiology of iron poisoning, we believe that the simultaneous oral and continuous intravenous (IV) administration of deferoxamine offers the most rational specific therapy for this condition. In this review we shall outline the clinical description, pathophysiology, and therapeutic regimens for acute iron intoxication. We have used this information to derive an approach we believe to be reasonable.
The oral lethal dose (LD) of elemental iron is generally
Robotham JL, Lietman PS. Acute Iron Poisoning: A Review. Am J Dis Child. 1980;134(9):875–879. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1980.02130210059016
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