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December 1980

Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Epidemic Following an Outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae Type 3305573 in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Pediatrics (Drs Powell, Bureau, Paré, Gaildry, and Cabana) and Radiology (Dr Patriquin), Faculté de Médecine, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec.

Am J Dis Child. 1980;134(12):1152-1154. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1980.02130240036011

• Twelve cases of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) occurred within three weeks in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with 325 annual admissions. Enterobacter cloacae type 3305573 was found in stool and/or blood cultures from affected babies prior to the onset of the disease. This bacterium could not be grown in cultures from infants in the same NICU six weeks later. A causal relationship between E cloacae and the epidemic of NEC is suggested.

(Am J Dis Child 134:1152-1154, 1980)

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