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February 1981

Hyperthyroidism in Children: A Reevaluation of Treatment

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(2):112-117. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130260004003

• The results of medical and surgical therapy were determined in 107 hyperthyroid children. After surgery, 85% of patients were rendered free of hyperthyroidism; however, 62% became hypothyroid. After medical treatment, 30% of patients were euthyroid and 2% became hypothyroid. The relapse rate, however, was higher after medical (22%) than after surgical (9%) therapy. Serious drug-related complications (arthritis-, hepatitis-, and collagen disease-like syndromes) occurred in 14% of patients. Complications occurred in 9% of surgically treated patients, but recurrent laryngeal nerve injury or permanent hypoparathyroidism did not occur. In medically treated patients, both a goiter size less than three times normal prior to treatment and a reduction in goiter size to less than two times normal at the completion of therapy correlated with a successful outcome.

(Am J Dis Child 1981;135:112-117)