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April 1981

Actinomycosis: A Cause of Pulmonary and Mediastinal Mass Lesions in Children

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill.

Am J Dis Child. 1981;135(4):336-339. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1981.02130280026009

• Two patients with intrathoracic actinomycosis were examined. One child was asymptomatic and had a slowly expanding lesion in the left upper lobe. The other child had a chronic illness with back pain, weight loss, amenorrhea, and a posterior mediastinal mass. Establishing the cause of these lesions and making the distinction between a neoplastic process and infection were particularly difficult in both cases. Intrathoracic actinomycosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary and mediastinal mass lesions.

(Am J Dis Child 1981;135:336-339)

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